Purification and biological characterization of halocin H1 from Haloferax mediterranei M2a
Keywords:halocin, bacteriocin, Haloferax mediterranei, Haloarchaea, halophiles
AbstractThe production of halocins, bacteriocin-like proteins of ecological significance, is a frequent characteristic of species from the family Halobacteriaceae. Halocin H1, produced by Haloferax mediterranei strain M2a, is a single 31-kDa polypeptide. Its purification was achieved by combining two chromatographic systems: Sepharose 4B linked to bacitracin followed by hydroxylapatite Bio-gel HTP. Halocin H1 required concentrations of NaCl higher than 1.5 M to maintain its activity. Haoarchaeal strains showed a differential degree of sensitivity to the action of this halocin.
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