Descobriment de la geologia de Catalunya pels geòlegs estrangers a començaments del segle XIX


  • Lluís Solé i Sabarís


The first works of foreign geologists on Catalonia, at the beginning of the 19th century, are discussed, and the political causes explaining the delay in the knowledge of the geology of Catalonia summarized. The first know works are those of Maclure and Lyell on the volcanic area of Olot (1808 and 1830), and those of Cordier (1816) and Dufresnoy (1831) on the salt mountain of Cardona. The significance is stated of the works by Pratt (1852) and Fischer (1893) on the structural interpretation of the Catalanides; these works were ignored by latter geologists until the first quarter of the 20th century had elapsed (M. Riba). The influence of these early geological studies on Catalan and foreign geologists is discussed.


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