Genetic and serologic surveillance of rotavirus with P and P genotypes in feces from children in the city of Chihuahua, northern Mexico
Keywords:rotavirus, viral genotypes, lineages of virus, epitopes, Chihuahua, Mexico
Rotavirus vaccine was developed using the most prominent G and P genotypes circulating in children population. Therefore, severe gastroenteritis has been reduced around the world. This study investigated the G and P rotavirus genotypes circulating in children from two hospitals in the city of Chihuahua, Mexico. Additionally, polyclonal antibodies against Rotavirus Wa strain were used to determine their homotypic and heterotypic reactivity to both P and P genotypes. G1, G2, and G3 VP7 genotypes and P and P VP4 genotypes were detected in common and uncommon combinations as well as mixed infectious. The predominant combination was G1P. Phylogenetic analysis of VP4 gene revealed the presence of P-1 and P-3 lineages of P genotype and P-5 lineage of P genotype. All but five G1P rotavirus were detected by polyclonal anti-Rotavirus Wa strain. Mutation analysis revealed differences in three of the four neutralizing epitopes previously reported to VP8* subunit of VP4 protein. Results of this study offer insights over genetic variants of field rotavirus that could be detected in a homotypic and heterotypic way by antibodies elicited to rotavirus with P genotype. [Int Microbiol 2016; 19(1):27-32]
Keywords: rotavirus · viral genotypes · lineages of virus · epitopes · Chihuahua, Mexico
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