Revista de l'Alguer, Vol. 10, Núm. 10 (1999)

Diferències morfomètriques i merístiques entre l'orada cultivada i salvatge

Marc Puigcerver Hieronimi, Josep Rotllant Moragas, Anna Llach, Adriana Hernàndez, Lluís Tort Bardolet

Resum


Gilthead seabream is of high commercíal interest and has become an important aquacultural resource in the Mediterranean countries. Now, the aim of improving the quality of reared products in order to meet markets preferences of conformity with wild standards is a new priority, The aim of this study is the use of morphometrics and meristics for the quantification of the differences in quality assessment and on their causative factors between and within sea bream reared in different fish farms and wild standards. Reared S.auratus show higher body depth, caudal peduncle depth, last dorsal spine, anal fin rays number and position of first anal spine respect to dorsal, and lower head depth, snout length, preorbital length, predorsal length, dorsal fin base, pectoral fin length, ventral fin length, caudal peduncle length, scales berween lateral line and dorsal, pectoral fin rays number and largest dorsal fin spine than wild sea bream. Apart of this measures, Cupimar hatchery facility has fish with lower head length, interorbital length and distance between pelvic and pectoral fins than wild sea bream; Maresa hatchery físhes have lower anal fin base and higher head length than wild standards, Blanes Peix sea cages show lower head length, orbital diameter and interorbital length than wild standards; and Aquadelt fishes show lower head length, orbital diameter, interorbital length, distance berween pelvic and pectoral fins and preanal length than wild sea bream and a non significant difference in last dorsal spine.

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