Catalan Historical Review, No 14 (2021)

Antiliberal political traditionalism: The Catalan Carlists

Lluís Ferran Toledano González


Catalan Carlism was one of the most prominent versions of European anti-liberalism and counter-revolution. This article delves into a debate on the traditional and/or modern nature of the social movements; the relationship between religion, politics and identity; the impact of the civil wars on the construction of nation-states; and the exercise of power and violence. In a context of factories and workers, Carlism built the longest insurrectional guerrilla culture in all of Europe and became the theatre of operations of the “international white”.

Keywords: Carlism, counter-revolution, guerrilla, civil war, Catalanism, international white

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This work is subject to a Recognition - Non Commercial - Without derivative works Creative Commons 3.0 Spain license, unless the text, pictures or other illustrations indicate the contrary. License's full text can be read at Readers can reproduce, distribute and communicate the work as long as its authorship and publishing institution are recognized and also if this does not entail commercial use or derivative work.

ISSN: 2013-4088 (electronic edition); 2013-407X (print edition)