Anuari de la Societat Catalana d'Economia, Vol. 13 (1996)

La Demografia no és la culpable

Tomàs Vidal i Bendito


The future collapse of the Welfare State is being blamed on pensions and low fertility, which
is just bad demographics. Europe has evolved from high to low fertility and mortality rates. Low
mortality is not so much the result of ageing as of saving infant lives. In fact society is younger
not older today, with 25% of the population under 20, 15% over 65, and 60% in economically
productive ages. Europe is not an aged population and Welfare State problems cannot be blamed
on this relatively low' proportion of aged and youth that society must maintain. Future projections
are highly unreliable, depending on immigration, which invigorates society as happened
in low, birth rate Catalonia. Problems with the Welfare State are of an economic, not a
demographic nature.

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ISSN:  2013-9551 (edició electrònica); 1130-4375 (edició impresa).